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“If only I had a million dollars in the bank.” Who hasn’t pondered that at one time or another? But have you ever wondered how much interest one million dollars earns per year?
Interest rates on savings vehicles are currently still pretty low—ranging from a paltry 0.01% in a savings account to a more acceptable 2.5% in the highest paying certificates of deposit (CD) or high-yield online savings accounts.
That’s quite a spread, which can make a significant difference in how much interest your million dollars can earn. For example, one million dollars earning 0.01% in a savings account would generate $100 of interest after a year, while a CD paying 2.5% would generate $25,000 of interest.
Use the calculator below to figure out how much interest you would earn on one million dollars or scroll down to see how much interest you might generate with various savings vehicles.
On this page:
- Interest Savings Calculator
- Interest from Investing in the Stock Market
- Interest from High-Interest Savings Accounts
- Interest from Savings Accounts
- Interest from Certificate of Deposit (CD)
- Interest from Treasury Savings Bond
Interest on a Million Dollars: Various Savings Vehicles
Investing in the Stock Market
There are many ways to invest in the stock market. You can pick individual stocks, invest in a diversified portfolio through an ETF or mutual fund, or passively invest your money through a robo-advisor.
Historic annual stock market returns average around 10%. So, if you invested your $1,000,000, it would generate $100,000 in interest in the first year ($1,000,000 X 0.10 = $100,000). If you let if compound annually for 10 years, you would generate $1,593,742 in returns for a total of over $2,1593,742.
High-Interest Savings Accounts
The advent of online-only banking has created an entirely new field of competitive savings accounts featuring high interest rates, which are generally reserved for intermediate-term savings or emergency funds.
The absence of brick-and-mortar locations and staff to operate them have reduced the overhead costs of these banks who then pass those savings to their customers in the form of higher interest rates and low or no fees.
As an example, Chime Bank currently offers a high-interest savings account with an APY of 1.00%. That would translate into $10,046 of interest on one million dollars after a year of monthly compounding. The 10-year earnings would be $105,125.
The rates on both traditional and high-interest savings accounts are variable, which means the rates can go up or down over time. These earnings projections are based on the initial rate, which is likely to change. Fortunately for savers, the current trajectory for savings interest rates is up, which means you would earn more if committing to an interest-yielding account.
Bank Savings Accounts
Traditional savings accounts, generally reserved for short-term savings, available at banks generally yield low rates of interest—between 0.01% and 0.06% depending in part on the amount of the deposit. A one million dollar deposit would typically qualify for the upper interest rate tier.
As an example, right now Chase Bank is paying 0.05% on its Premier Relationships Savings account. For a million-dollar deposit, that would generate $500 of interest after one year ($1,000,000 X 0.0005 = $500). If left to compound monthly for 10 years, it would generate $5,012.
Certificates of Deposit
Certificates of Deposits (CDs) are time deposits that pay higher interest rates the longer the money is held on deposit. These are great if you need the money after a certain short-term time period. The money must remain on deposit for the entire length of the CD term or you will forfeit a portion of your interest earnings.
At Chase Bank, your one million dollars will earn 0.10% interest for a 12-month CD that will generate $1,000 of interest after one year.
When the CD matures it must be rolled into another CD to continue earning interest. Generally, if you think interest rates will increase significantly in the next few years, you might be better off choosing a short-term CD (12 months or less) so it can be rolled over into a higher-yielding CD after rates have risen.
Treasury Savings Bonds
Treasury savings bonds offering fairly decent rates of interest can be purchased directly from the U.S. Treasury Department. For example, the I Savings Bond currently yields 1.06%, which can be held for 30 years and redeemed without penalty after five years. The problem is the maximum purchase of Treasury savings bonds is limited to $10,000 per calendar year.
There are also other options that you may want to consider depending on the markets such as Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities (TIPS). TIPS can be purchased up to $5 million in 5-, 10-, and 30-year maturities. They can be held to maturity or sold on the open market for current market value. TIPS pay a fixed interest rate which is adjusted each year for inflation.
It is important to keep in mind that there are coupons that are paid on some bonds that trigger taxes along the way. Also, while it may be an insignificant amount of money, there are capital gains taxes that are assessed on savings and CDs.
Author: Jeff Gitlen